According to the UN’s definition, ‘failed states’ are political entities that demonstrate little or no ability to provide their citizens with basic security.
American political scientist William Zartman argues that, in most cases, the process of state failure is gradual and prolonged, rather than sudden, as in a coup d’état or revolt. He notes that states that suffer from internal disintegration (primarily because of identity politics—religious, ethnic, etc.) and simultaneously are characterised by weak or non-functioning institutions are liable to become failed states. In such states, failure intensifies in a kind of vicious circle. The weakness of the state’s institutions reinforces the fragmentation, which in turn further weakens the institutions and their legitimacy.
I don’t know about you, but to me this comes frighteningly close to describing the UK and Australia these days. Before you harrumph and ridicule me, take note of this from the above: ‘in most cases, the process of state failure is gradual and prolonged, rather than sudden’.
Just two examples of failing to provide basic security: in the UK gangs rape girls and the police avoid confronting the young immigrants for fear of being labelled racist. In August 2014 the report by Professor Alexis Jay concluded that an estimated 1,400 children, most of them white girls, had been sexually abused in Rotherham between 1997 and 2013 by predominantly British-Pakistani men. (Wikipedia)
In Melbourne, ethnic gangs invade houses, attack citizens, defying the police. …
Australia may not feel like a failed state to most, and many will say that’s an exaggeration. But ask those who the institutions of state has failed to protect, or those serving long sentences for crimes they didn’t commit. The state has certainly failed them.
Well the state’s not failing for some citizens. It seems to be failing more if you are white, or male, or Christian, …