FBI Director Christopher Wray … said that to undermine the US’s military, economic, cultural, and informational power across the globe, China was using methods relying on more than just its state institutions.
“One of the things we’re trying to do is view the China threat as not just a whole-of-government threat, but a whole-of-society threat on their end,” Wray said. “And I think it’s going to take a whole-of-society response by us.” …
Wray pointed to China’s use of unconventional intelligence sources as an example of its reach.
He said “collectors” – what the intelligence community calls people who collect intelligence on behalf of agencies or governments – had infiltrated US universities.
“I think in this setting, I would just say that the use of nontraditional collectors – especially in the academic setting, whether it’s professors, scientists, students – we see in almost every field office that the FBI has around the country,” Wray said.
“They’re exploiting the very open research-and-development environment that we have, which we all revere, but they’re taking advantage of it,” Wray said, adding that there was a “naiveté” among academics about the risks posed by foreign nationals at US universities